What is Insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that allows the cells in your body to take up and
use blood glucose.
Insulin is a hormone that allows the cells in your body to take up and use blood glucose (sugar). The glucose comes from the food that you eat. In a person without diabetes, insulin is released when needed (for example, after a meal), which allows the tissues of the body to take up the right amount of glucose.
Insulin is a hormone made by an organ in our bodies called the pancreas. The pancreas lies just behind the stomach. For all people with Type 1 diabetes and for some Type 2 diabetes, insulin is essential to keep blood glucose levels under control.
Most people use human insulin and insulin analogues, although a small number of people still use animal insulin as they find animal insulin works better for them.
6 Main Types of Insulin
Rapid acting analogue
Can be injected just before, with or after food and have a peak action at between 0 and 3 hours
Long acting analogue
This tends to be injected once a day to provide background insulin lasting approx. 24 hours
Short acting insulin
This should be injected 15-30 minutes before a meal to cover the rise in blood glucose levels that occurs after eating
Medium and long acting insulin
These are taken once or twice a day to provide background insulin or a combination with short acting insulin/rapid acting analogues
This can be a combination of medium and short acting insulin
This can be a combination of medium acting insulin and rapid acting analogue
Diabetes can be a daily demand, always consult your Health Care Professional for medical advice